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A traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Colorado occurs from a hard blow to the head or an injury that penetrates the skull’s soft tissue. Rather than being the result of a neurodegenerative condition such as Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis, TBIs are frequently caused by a fall or a vehicle crash. These injuries can range in severity and have various symptoms.

Types of TBIs and their causes

A TBI may be either open or closed and mild, moderate or severe. An open TBI involves severe injury to the brain that penetrates the skull. A bullet or another weapon often causes this type of injury. A closed brain injury occurs from a non-penetrating strike to the head, such as hitting a floor surface or vehicle dashboard.

Common causes of TBIs include falls in a tub or from a bed, especially in young children and people over 65. Child abuse is the leading cause of TBIs in children 4 and under, and vehicle crashes account for the majority of TBIs in young adults. Injuries from high-impact sports commonly cause TBIs in younger people.

Symptoms

Not all TBIs result in noticeable motor impairment, and the injuries could cause social and behavioral issues. In general, a TBI may cause sleeping issues, headaches, memory issues, slurred speech, sadness and nervousness.

Signs of a mild TBI could include short loss of consciousness, confusion without loss of consciousness, nausea, blurry vision, dizziness and fatigue. A moderate or severe TBI may cause pupil dilation in one or both eyes, loss of unconsciousness, speech issues, numbness in legs and arms, and seizures or convulsions. An injured party who experiences any of the listed symptoms should seek treatment immediately.

A personal injury involving a TBI can change a person’s life. Not all TBIs result from the negligence of another party, but if a person feels negligence caused their injury, they may bring a case against the defendant.